Historically, EVs have a shorter driving range (per charge) than comparable conventional vehicles have (per tank of gas). However, newer and more powerful EV models reach the market at increasing rates, and OEMs continue to make commitments to electrify the vehicle market. Based on the U.S. Department of Energy Fuel Economy Guide data for model year 2020, the median driving range for EVs is 258 miles. Many vehicle models go even higher 300 miles on one charge.
The efficiency and driving range of EVs varies substantially based on driving conditions. Extreme outside temperatures tend to reduce range, because more energy must be used to heat or cool the cabin. High driving speeds reduce range because of the energy required to overcome increased drag. Compared with gradual acceleration, rapid acceleration reduces range. Hauling heavy loads or driving up significant inclines also reduces range.